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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
E. of Palestine. Fell by the hand of Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh, in the time of Saul; these occupied their tents and land in eastern Gilead (1 Chronicles 5:10; 1 Chronicles 5:18-20). Jetur, Nephish, and Nodab, Hagarites, are mentioned as "delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle (and they were helped against them), and He was entreated of them; because they put their trust in Him. And they took away their cattle ... camels ... sheep ... donkeys ... for there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads, until the captivity."
The spoil shows their wealth as nomadic tribes. In Psalms 83:6-8 "the tabernacles of the Hagarenes" are mentioned as distinct from the "Ishmaelites," with whom and Moab, Gebal, Ammon, Amalek, Philistia, Tyre, and Assur, they confederated to invade suddenly Jehoshaphat's land and take it in possession. The Hagarenes probably were named not from Ishmael's mother Hagar directly, but from a district or town so-called; possibly now Hejer, capital and subdivision of the province el-Bahreyn in N.E. Arabia, on the Persian gulf.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Hagarenes'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/h/hagarenes.html. 1949.