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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("collected by God".) Standing at the confluence of wady el Jeib and Fikreh and Kuseib; the farthest S. of Judah's cities (Joshua 15:21). (See was of Kabzeel (2 Samuel 23:20; 1 Chronicles 11:22). On its reoccupation after the return from Babylon it was called Jekabzeel (Nehemiah 11:25, where "its hamlets," Hebrew, are spoken of, namely, outlying pastoral settlements). A wady, El Kuseib, seemingly answers to it; S. of the Dead Sea, the bed of a torrent descending from the Arabah to the Ghor.
At its mouth is its fountain, the only good water of the region, where the road from Jerusalem diverges E. by the Dead Sea to Moab and S. to Petra; a spot likely to be occupied, though remote, as a stronghold, the key of Palestine toward Moat and Edom, guarding the pass Ez Zuweirah, by which the Moabites under Sanballat, the Ammonites under Tobiah, and the Arabians under Geshem, might attack the Jews (Nehemiah 4:12). Hot as the summer is, snow falls deep at times in winter. Benaiah's "slaying two lion-like men of Moab" accords with the position of Kadesh toward Moab; also "the lion in a pit on a snowy day" accords with there being dense jungle, the haunt of wild beasts, in the neighbourhood.
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Kabzeel'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/k/kabzeel.html. 1949.