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Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Father of Azariah the prophet under Asa (2 Chronicles 15:1); in 2 Chronicles 15:8 "of Oded the prophet" must be an interpolation, for "the prophecy" in the Hebrew is absolute, not in the construct state as it would necessarily be if the words were genuine; besides not Oded but Azariah was "the prophet," the Alexandrinus manuscript and Vulgate read in 2 Chronicles 15:8 "Azariah son of Oded."
2. A prophet of Samaria under Pekah. When the Israelites led away 200,000 Jews captive to Samaria, "Oded went out before the host and said, Because Jehovah was angry with Judah, He hath delivered them into your hands, and ye have slain them in a rage that reacheth up into heaven (calling for divine vengeance on yourselves); and now ye purpose to keep the children of Judah bondmen ... but are there not with you, even with you, sins against Jehovah? (compare Matthew 7:1-5; James 2:13). Now ... deliver the captives again," etc. It was a bold venture so to reprove to the face men flushed with triumph. But God often blesses an effort more than one durst expect. Certain chiefs of Ephraim, touched by his appeal, said, "ye shall not bring in the captives here," etc. Then they took and clothed the naked, and shod them, and gave them to eat and drink, and anointed them (oil is refreshing and herding in the sultry East), and carried all the feeble upon donkeys(compare Luke 10:34) and brought them to Jericho (Romans 12:20).
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Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Oded'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/fbd/o/oded.html. 1949.