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Bible Dictionaries

Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Succoth Benoth

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2 Kings 17:30. Hebrew "the tents of daughters," i.e. in which they prostituted themselves to the Babylonian goddess of love (Herodotus i. 109), or else "small shrines containing images of female deities." But, as the parallelism to Nergal and Ashima require a deity, Succoth Benoth is probably Ζirbanit , called wife of the Babylonian idol Merodach, and "queen" of Babylon. Thus Succoth "tents" would be a Hebrew mistranslation of Zir as if related to Jarat, whereas it means "supreme"; or Succoth is the Hamitic for Zir (Sir H. Rawlinson). The people of Hani (2000 B.C.), according to G. Smith's reading of an inscription, defeated the Babylonians, and carried away the image of Ζirat Βanit or Succoth Benoth.

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Bibliography Information
Fausset, Andrew R. Entry for 'Succoth Benoth'. Fausset's Bible Dictionary. 1949.

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