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Holman Bible Dictionary
(ahr tuh xuhr' xeess) Persian royal name meaning, “kingdom of righteousness,” belonging to four Persian rulers and forming a major piece of evidence in dating Ezra and Nehemiah. See Ezra; Ezra 7:7
). He had already received complaints from the inhabitants of Palestine who wanted to stop the returned exiles from rebuilding and had stopped the Jewish builders (Ezra 4:7-24
). The Temple had been completed under Darius II (522-486) and thus before Artaxerxes (Ezra 6:15
). Artaxerxes supported Ezra's work (Ezra 7:6-26
). Nehemiah served as cupbearer to Artaxerxes (Nehemiah 2:1
), and the king proved sensitive to Nehemiah's mood (Nehemiah 2:2
). He granted Nehemiah's request to go to Judah (Nehemiah 2:5-6
), making him governor of Judah (Nehemiah 5:14
. Artaxerxes II ruled Persia 404 to 359 B.C. Some Bible students identify him as ruler under whom Ezra worked. 3. Artaxerxes III ruled 358-337 B.C. 4. Ruled Persia 337-336 B.C. See Persia
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Artaxerxes'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/a/artaxerxes.html. 1991.