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Holman Bible Dictionary
A grain for which Palestine was known (Deuteronomy 8:8
). The failure of the barley crop was a disaster (Joel 1:11
). Barley was the food of the poor (Leviticus 23:22
; Ruth 3:15
; 2 Samuel 17:28
; 2 Kings 4:42
; 2Kings 7:1,2Kings 7:6,2 Kings 7:18
; 2Chronicles 2:10,2 Chronicles 2:15
; 2 Chronicles 27:5
; Jeremiah 41:8
). Barley flour was used to make bread (Judges 7:13
; Ezekiel 4:12
) and was the kind of bread Jesus used to feed the multitude (John 6:9
). Barley was also used as feed for horses, mules, and donkeys (1 Kings 4:28
). There was a spring variety (Hordeum vulgare
) and a winter variety (Hordeum hexastichon
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Barley'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/b/barley.html. 1991.