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Holman Bible Dictionary
Grating one's teeth together. In the Old Testament, gnashing of teeth was an expression of anger reserved for the wicked and for one's enemies (Job 16:9
; Psalm 35:16
; Psalm 37:12
; Lamentations 2:16
). In the New Testament, gnashing of teeth is associated with the place of future punishment (for example, Matthew 8:12
; Matthew 13:42
). There the gnashing of teeth is perhaps an expression of the futility of the wicked before God's judgment or else a demonstration of their continuing refusal to repent and acknowledge the justness of God's judgment. (Compare Revelation 16:9
, Revelation 16:11
.) See Hell
; Punishment, Everlasting.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Gnashing of Teeth'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/g/gnashing-of-teeth.html. 1991.