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Holman Bible Dictionary
Kittim is used in intertestamental writings as denoting all of the land west of Cyprus. 1Maccabees credits it as being the land of Alexander the Great (1 Maccabees 1:1; 1 Maccabees 8:5 ). The writer of Daniel understood it to be a part of the Roman Empire (Daniel 11:30 ) used to threaten Antiochus Epipanes. The Dead Sea Scrolls contain several references to Kittim, the most notable being the defeat of her people (Romans) at the hands of God's people. See Cyprus .
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Kittim'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/k/kittim.html. 1991.