Click to donate today!
Holman Bible Dictionary
Matthew is the same person as Levi, a tax collector (Mark 2:14; Luke 5:27 ), and thus the son of Alphaeus. James the son of Alphaeus is also listed among the Apostles (Mark 3:18; Matthew 10:3; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13 ). This indicates that both Matthew and his (half) brother were in close association with Jesus. Mary, the mother of James, keeps the vigil at the foot of the cross with Mary, the mother of Jesus (Matthew 27:55-56; Mark 15:40 ). If the James mentioned here is the same as the son of Alphaeus, then we have a larger family closely associated with the family of Jesus.
Later legendary accounts tell of Matthew's travel to Ethiopia where he became associated with Candace, identified with the eunuch of Acts 8:27 . The legends tell us of Matthew's martydom in that country.
Why did Jesus call Matthew? Because Matthew had the gifts to be trained as a disciple to share with others, could keep meticulous records, and was a potential recorder/author of the Gospel. From earliest times Christians affirmed that Matthew wrote the Gospel that bears his name. See Matthew, the Gospel of .
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Matthew'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/m/matthew.html. 1991.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19