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Cart, Wagon

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

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CART, WAGON . The cart, like the chariot, is an Asiatic invention. The earliest wheeled carts show a light framework set upon an axle with solid wheels (illust. in Wilkinson, Anc. Egyp . [1878], i. 249). The type of cart in use under the Heb. monarchy may be seen in the Assyrian representation of the siege of Lachish (Layard, Monuments of Nineveh , ii. pl. 23), where women captives and their children are shown seated in wagons with a low wooden body (cf. 1 Samuel 6:14 ), furnished with wheels of 6 and 8 spokes. They were drawn by a pair of oxen ( Numbers 7:3; Numbers 7:7-8 ) exceptionally by two cows ( 1 Samuel 6:7; 1 Samuel 6:10 ) yoked to a pole which passed between them, and were used for the transport of persons ( Genesis 45:19 ff.) and goods (Nu l.c .), including sheaves of grain to the threshing-floor ( Amos 2:13 ). The rendering ‘covered wagons’ ( Numbers 7:3 ) is doubtful. For the threshing-wagon, see Agriculture, § 3 .

A. R. S. Kennedy.

Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Cart, Wagon'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​hdb/​c/cart-wagon.html. 1909.
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