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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
DEBIR . The king of Eglon, who acc. to Joshua 10:3 joined other four kings against Joshua, but was defeated and put to death along with his allies at Makkedah.
DEBIR . 1. A town first known as Kiriath-sepher ( Joshua 15:15 , Judges 1:11 ) in the neighbourhood of Hebron, and inhabited by Anakim ( Joshua 11:21 ), conquered by Joshua ( Joshua 10:38; Joshua 11:21; Joshua 12:13 ), or more specifically by Othniel ( Joshua 15:15 ), assigned as a Levitical city ( Joshua 21:15 , 1 Chronicles 6:58 ) in the tribe of Judah ( Joshua 15:49 ). An alternative name Kiriath-sannah , once recorded ( Joshua 15:49 ), is probably a corruption of Kiriath-sepher, due primarily to the similarity of p and n in the old Hebrew alphabet. It has been doubtfully identified with edh-Dhaheriyeh near Hebron; till the site can be identified and examined, the attractive speculations based on the apparent meaning of the older name (‘City of Books’ or ‘Scribes’) must be left in the region of theory.
2. A place named in the northern boundary of Judah, near the valley of Achor ( Joshua 15:7 ). The name still survives as the appellation of a place in this neighbourhood.
3. A place, not identified, in the border of the trans-Jordanic territory of Gad ( Joshua 13:26 ). An alternative reading is Lidebir (cf. Lo-debar).
R. A. S. Macalister.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Debir'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/d/debir.html. 1909.