Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
EDER . 1. Genesis 35:21 ‘And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Eder.’ ’Eder means ‘a flock’; and the phrase Midgal-eder (‘flock-tower,’ cf. Micah 4:8 ) would have been the appellation given to a tower occupied by shepherds for the protection of their flocks against robbers (cf. 2 Kings 18:8 , 2 Chronicles 26:10 ). The tower here mentioned lay between Bethlehem and Hebron (cf. vv. 19, 27). Jerome mentions a Jewish tradition that this Eder was the site of the Temple, but himself prefers to think that it was the spot on which the shepherds received the angels’ message. 2. Joshua 15:21 . The name of one of the towns of Judah ‘in the south,’ close to the Edomite frontier; perhaps Kh. el-‘AdÃ¢r , 5 miles S. of Gaza. 3. 1Ch 23:23; 1 Chronicles 24:30 . The name of a Merarite Levite in the days of David. 4. A Benjamite ( 1 Chronicles 8:15 ).
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Eder'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/e/eder.html. 1909.