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Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Jason

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JASON . This Greek name was adopted by many Jews whose Hebrew designation was Joshua (Jesus). 1. The son of Eleazar deputed to make a treaty with the Romans, and father of Antipater who was later sent on a similar errand, unless two different persons are meant ( 1Ma 8:17; 1Ma 12:16; 1Ma 14:22 ). 2. Jason of Cyrene, an author, of whose history 2 Mac. (see 2Ma 2:23; 2Ma 2:26 ) is an epitome (written after b.c. 160). 3. Joshua the high priest, who ousted his brother Onias iii. from the office in b.c. 174 ( 2Ma 4:7 ff.), but was himself driven out three years later, and died among the Lacedæmonians at Sparta ( 2Ma 5:9 f.). 4. In Acts 17:6 ff. a Jason was St. Paul’s host at Thessalonica, from whom the politarchs took bail for his good behaviour, thus (as it seems) preventing St. Paul’s return to Macedonia for a long time (see art. Paul the Apostle, § 8). The Jason who sends greetings from Corinth in Romans 16:21 , a ‘kinsman’ of St. Paul ( i.e. a Jew), is probably the same man.

A. J. Maclean.

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Jason'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/j/jason.html. 1909.

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