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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
NEBAIOTH. An important tribe of North Arabians. In Genesis 25:13 (= 1 Chronicles 1:29 ) Nebaioth is the eldest son of Ishmael; also the representative of the Ishmaelite tribes in Genesis 28:9; Genesis 36:3 . The people of Nebaioth have an important place among the Arabian tribes subdued by Ashurbanipal of Assyria, named by him along with the people of Kedar (wh. see), just as in the genealogy of Genesis. It is about this date (b.c. 650) that they come into prominence among the competing tribes of the peninsula a position which they retained for centuries. Their exact location cannot be definitely determined, but the inscriptions tell us that they were very remote from Assyria, and their place at the head of the tribes of Ishmael, as well as their affiliation with the Edomites ( Genesis 28:1-22; Genesis 36:1-43 ), makes it probable that they were well known to the Hebrews. Hence they are to be sought for not far from the south-eastern borders of Palestine. The time when they flourished agrees with the fact that in the Bible they are mentioned only in the late Priestly Code and by the ‘Third Isaiah’ ( Isaiah 60:7 ). They are usually, but wrongly, identified with the NabatÃ¦ans (the NabathÃ¦ans of 1Ma 5:25; 1Ma 9:35 ).
J. F. M‘Curdy.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Nebaioth'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/n/nebaioth.html. 1909.