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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
PARTHIANS. The founders of a powerful dynasty in Persia which overthrew the yoke of the Syrian SeleucidÃ¦ b.c. 250, and maintained itself against all external enemies till a.d. 226, defying even the Romans. They came from northern Iran, and their language or dialect greatly affected the cultivated speech of the empire, which was known as Pahlavi during their rÃ©gime. But the exact form of the language of the Jews or proselytes who came to Jerusalem from Parthia, referred to in Acts 2:9 , cannot be ascertained.
J. F. M‘Curdy.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Parthians'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/p/parthians.html. 1909.