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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
REPHIDIM . A stage in the Wanderings, between the wilderness of Sin and the wilderness of Sinai ( Exodus 17:1; Exodus 17:8; Exodus 19:2; cf. Numbers 33:14 f.). Here water was miraculously supplied, and Israel fought with Amalek. Those who accept the traditional Sinal generally place Elim in WÃ¢dy Gharandel , and Rephidim in WÃ¢dy FeirÃ¢n , about four miles N. of Mt. Serbal (Palmer, Desert of the Exodus , Index). The tribesmen would naturally wish to defend the springs in the valley against such a host as Israel. Moses might have surveyed the conflict from the height of Jebel TahÃ»neh, on the N. of the valley. Only we should hardly expect the Amalekites so far to the south. If the scholars who place Sinai east of the Gulf of ‘Akabah, identifying Elath and Elim, are right, then Rephidim must be sought somewhere in that district. (Sayce, HCM [Note: CM Higher Criticism and the Monuments.] , p. 269.)
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Rephidim'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/r/rephidim.html. 1909.