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Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible


ZEBAH (‘victim’). A Midianite king, mentioned together with Zalmunna , who was killed by Gideon as the result of blood-revenge ( Judges 8:18-21 ); both kings had, however, been previously overcome in battle by Gideon, who championed the Israelites against their Midianite oppressors. This victory must have been of vital and far-reaching consequence to the Israelites, for it is more than once commemorated long after as a landmark in the nation’s history ( Isaiah 9:4; Isaiah 10:26 , Psalms 83:11 ). The death of Zebah and Zalmunna is very graphically described. Gideon commands Jether, his eldest son, to slay them, but being only a youth he is afraid; so the kings ask Gideon himself to kill them; he does so, and takes the crescents from the necks of their camels. This last action may conceivably Imply a kindly remembrance of the kings on the part of Gideon, for from Judges 8:19 it would seem that it was only reluctantly, and from a sense of duty, that he slew them.

W. O. E. Oesterley.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Zebah'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. 1909.

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