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Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament
Till about the middle of the 1st cent. this term denoted the southern part of the Roman province of Illyricum (q.v. [Note: quod vide, which see.] ). Thereafter it began to be extended to the whole province. Both Pliny and Suetonius reflect this change. For a time the two terms were convertible. From the Flavian period onward Dalmatia was the word regularly used. St. Paul, who consistently gave geographical names their Roman sense, first employed the old provincial term (Romans 15:19), but in his last Epistle (2 Timothy 4:10 occurs in what is generally regarded as a genuine Pauline fragment) he adopted the new designation. In his own missionary progress he went as far as the frontiers of Illyricum (μέχρι τοῦ Ἰλλυρικοῦ), but probably did not enter it. His lieutenant Titus took possession of Dalmatia for Christ.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Dalmatia'. Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdn/d/dalmatia.html. 1906-1918.