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Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament
SPEAR.—This word occurs in NT only in John 19:34 ‘one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear’ (λόγχη). A comparison, however, of Matthew 27:48 ‘put [the sponge] on a reed’ (περιθεὶς καλάμῳ), makes it probable that in John 19:29 for ὑσσώπῳ περιθέντες, ‘put it upon hyssop,’ ὑσσῷ π. should be read. ὑσσός is the Roman pilum (Polybius, i. 40. 12, etc.). The head of this spear is said to have been buried within the principal church of Antioch, where, under direction of Peter of Amiens, it was discovered by the besieged Crusaders, and proved their salvation from the onslaught of the prince of Mosul in 1098.
T. H. Weir.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Spear'. Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdn/s/spear.html. 1906-1918.