Morrish Bible Dictionary
The same that is called by the Romans 'Quirinus.' He was governor of Syria in A.D. 6, and then carried out a taxing, which is probably alluded to in Acts 5:37 . This for a long time created a difficulty as to the 'taxing' by Cyrenius being made when the Lord was born, B.C. 4; butProf. A. W. Zumpt of Berlin has stated with apparently good authority that Cyrenius was twice governor of Syria: the first time from B.C. 4 to B.C. 1, which agrees well with Luke 2:2 . The 'taxing' at that time may have been merely a census of the population and their property; and on his second governorship the census may have been for taxation, which, being always hateful to the Jews, probably led to the insurrection in Acts 5 .
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Cyrenius'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/c/cyrenius.html. 1897.