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Morrish Bible Dictionary
Constantly referred to in scripture as an unclean and debased animal: hence the unclean Gentiles or heathen are compared to dogs. Psalm 22:16; Psalm 59:6,14 . The price of a dog was forbidden to be put into the Lord's treasury, it was an abomination. Deuteronomy 23:18 . Hazael, a heathen, said, "Is thy servant a dog?" and the most offensive epithet was to call a man a dead dog. They were, and are, the scavengers of Eastern cities. All refuse is thrown into the streets and the dogs eat it. It was the dogs who ate the body of Jezebel, and licked up the blood of Naboth and of Ahab. In the N.T. it is the same: 'without are dogs,' ' beware of dogs' used symbolically of those cut off and of the unclean: they return to their vomit again. The only apparent exception to the above is when the Lord compared the Syrophenician woman to a dog, and she said, "Yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table." In these passages the diminutive of the word is used, implying 'little dogs or puppies,' and these are often kept in houses until they grow up. But this does not remove the contempt implied in the term. Matthew 15:27 . Wycliftranslated 'houndis' and 'litil whelpis' in Mark 7:27,28 .
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Dog'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/d/dog.html. 1897.