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Bible Dictionaries

Morrish Bible Dictionary

Memphis

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The Hebrew of this is Moph, Hosea 9:6 , and is judged to be the capital of lower or northern Egypt. It is called NOPH in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. It was denounced in the prophets and given over to destruction. Isaiah 19:13; Jeremiah 2:16; Jeremiah 44:1; Jeremiah 46:14,19; Ezekiel 30:13,16 .

Memphis was one of the earliest cities of Egypt, and was in the district where some of the largest works were raised. In hieroglyphics it was styled Men-nofre , interpreted 'abode of the good,' etc. Some of the early dynasties were Memphian, during which the city rose to eminence. Its downfall was predicted by Ezekiel, "Thus saith the Lord God: I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt." Ezekiel 30:13 . This was uttered about B.C. 570, and it was about B.C. 526 that Cambyses conquered Egypt. Enraged by the opposition he had encountered at Memphis, according to Herodotus, he committed great ravages in the city, scourged the priests, made sport of their gods, and burnt them. Memphis did not recover this attack, and its site was for a long while unknown. It is now held to have been on the west of the Nile, about 29 53' N, where a few relies have been discovered.

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Bibliography Information
Morrish, George. Entry for 'Memphis'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/m/memphis.html. 1897.

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