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Bible Dictionaries
Reason, Faith and

1910 New Catholic Dictionary

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Faith here signifies both the complexus of revealed truths, and the subjective assent given to these truths, because of the Divine authority revealing them. Reason signifies the natural faculty of understanding, human reason, as distinct from its product, science or knowledge. The Traditionalists teach that there can be no certitude with regard to natural religious truths except from Revelation. Rationalists, on the other hand, deny that any truth can be known with certainty from Revelation. The Semi-Rationalists, while admitting Revelation, teach that natural reason can understand and demonstrate all the truths of faith after they have been revealed; and that reason and faith are perfectly independent of each other. The Church, in opposition to these assertions, teaches that reason has a place in preparing the soil in which the seed of faith will be planted.



Faith, on the other hand, provides a norm for reason, which safeguards it from error or releases it from error's thraldom; corroborates certain truths naturally known, e.g., the distinction between substance and accidents; opens the way to reason for the discovery of new truths, e.g., with regard to the origin of human life.

Bibliography Information
Entry for 'Reason, Faith and'. 1910 New Catholic Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​ncd/​r/reason-faith-and.html. 1910.
 
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