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1910 New Catholic Dictionary
Sacred College of Cardinals
A corporation known since 1150 as a collegium, formed of the cardinal-bishops, cardinal-priests, and cardinal-deacons, who felt that they had this right since they alone elected the pope, were his immediate assistants at Mass, and his only counselors in all important matters. The dean or head is the Bishop of Ostia, the sub-dean, the Bishop of Porto.
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Entry for 'Sacred College of Cardinals'. 1910 New Catholic Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ncd/s/sacred-college-of-cardinals.html. 1910.