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1910 New Catholic Dictionary
A circular window with mullions and tracery, generally radiating from the center, filled with stained glass. It is so named from its fancied resemblance to a rose. It is a beautiful characteristic of Gothic architecture in which it was developed. At first it was placed under a round, then under a pointed arch, where soon it was inscribed in a square with spandrils. Finally in a tier of lower windows it became the center of a vast composition. Roses filled with glass of great beauty were used by the Lombard builders of Italy.
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Entry for 'Window, Rose'. 1910 New Catholic Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ncd/w/window-rose.html. 1910.