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Hart, Hind. Psalms 42:1. The former is the male stag, one of the most graceful and beautiful of all animals. It was clean by the Levitical law, Deuteronomy 12:15; Deuteronomy 14:5, and the grace and agility of its motions are alluded to in Song of Solomon 2:9; Isaiah 35:6. The stag lolls or pants like the dog, and is Boon exhausted by hunger. Jeremiah 14:5; Lamentations 1:6. The hind is the female stag. She is smaller and weaker than her mate, the hart, and has no horns. She is sure and swift of foot, and leaps fearlessly among the rocks and precipices. 2 Samuel 22:34; Psalms 18:33; Habakkuk 3:19. The instinctive affection of the hart and hind is alluded to, Proverbs 5:18-19, and Song of Solomon 2:7; Song of Solomon 3:5. The figurative prediction of Jacob respecting Naphtali, Genesis 49:21, would be more appropriately rendered, "Naphtali is a deer roaming at large; he shooteth forth noble antlers." The antlers or horns indicate the strength and health of the stag, and the whole metaphor expresses the increase of the tribe and the fertility of their portion in Judæa.

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Bibliography Information
Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Hart'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. 1893.

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