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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Caphar. One of the numerous words employed in the Bible to denote a village or collection of dwellings smaller than a city (Ir). Mr. Stanley proposes to render it as "hamlet." In names of places, it occurs in Chephar-he-Ammonai, Chephirah, Caphar-salama. To us, its chief interest arises from its forming a part of the name of Capernaum, that is, Capharnahum.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Caphar'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/c/caphar.html. 1901.