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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Colony. A designation of Philippi, in Acts 16:12. After the battle of Actium, Augustus assigned to his veterans, those parts of Italy which had espoused the cause of Antony, and transported many of the expelled inhabitants to Philippi, Dyrrhachium and other cities. In this way, Philippi was made a Roman colony with the "Jus Italicum." At first, the colonists were all Roman citizens, and entitled to vote at Rome.
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Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Colony'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/c/colony.html. 1901.