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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Footman. A word employed in the English Bible in two senses:
1. Generally, to distinguish those of the fighting men who went on foot from those who were on horseback or in chariots;
2. In a more special sense, in 1 Samuel 22:17 only, and as the translation of a different term from the above - a body of swift runners in attendance on the king. This body appears to have been afterwards kept up, and to have been distinct from the body-guard - the six hundred and thirty - who were originated by David.
See 1 Kings 14:27-28; 2 Kings 11:4: 2 Kings 11:6; 2 Kings 11:11; 2 Kings 11:13; 2 Kings 11:19; 2 Chronicles 12:10-11. In each of these cases, the word is the same as the above, and is rendered "guard," with "runners" in the margin in two instances - 1 Kings 14:27; 2 Kings 11:13.
These files are public domain.
Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Footman'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/f/footman.html. 1901.