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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Ta'mar. (palm tree).
1. The wife, successively, of the two sons of Judah, Er and Onan. Genesis 38:8-30. (B.C. about 1718). Her importance in the sacred narrative depends on the great anxiety to keep up the lineage of Judah. It seemed as if the family were on the point of extinction. Er and Onan had successively perished suddenly.
Judah's wife, Bathshuah, died; and there only remained a child, Shelah, whom Judah was unwilling to trust to the dangerous union as it appeared, with Tamar, lest he should meet with the same fate as his brothers. Accordingly, she resorted to the desperate expedient of entrapping the father himself into the union, which he feared for his son. The fruits of this intercourse were twins, Pharez and Zarah, and, through Pharez, the sacred line was continued.
2. Daughter of David and Maachah, the Geshurite princess, and thus, sister of Absalom. 2 Samuel 13:1-32; 1 Chronicles 3:9. (B.C. 1033). She and her brother were alike remarkable for their extraordinary beauty. This fatal beauty inspired a frantic passion in her half-brother Amnon, the oldest son of David by Ahinoam. In her touching remonstrance, two points are remarkable: first, the expression of the infamy of such a crime "in Israel" implying the loftier standard of morals that prevailed, as compared with other countries at that time; and second, the belief that even this standard might be overborne lawfully , by royal authority -
"Speak to the king, for he will not withhold me from thee." The intense hatred of Amnon succeeding to his brutal passion, and the indignation of Tamar at his barbarous insult, even surpassing her indignation at his shameful outrage, are pathetically and graphically told.
3. Daughter of Absalom, 2 Samuel 14:7, became, by her marriage with Uriah, of Gibeah, the mother of Maachah, the future queen of Judah, or wife of Abijah. 1 Kings 15:2. (B.C. 1023).
4. A spot on the southeastern frontier of Judah, named in Ezekiel 47:19; Ezekiel 48:28 only, evidently called from a palm tree. If not Hazazon-tamar, the old name of Engedi, it may be a place called Thamar in the Onamasticon, see Hazazon-tamar, a day's journey south of Hebron.
These files are public domain.
Smith, William, Dr. Entry for 'Tamar'. Smith's Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/sbd/t/tamar.html. 1901.