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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
צפור , Genesis 7:14 , and afterward frequently; στρουθιον , Matthew 10:29; Luke 12:6-7; a little bird every where known. The Hebrew word is used not only for a sparrow, but for all sorts of clean birds, or for those the use of which was not forbidden by the law. That the sparrow is not intended in Psalms 102:7 , is evident from several circumstances; for that is intimated to be a bird of night, one that is both solitary and mournful; none of which characteristics is applicable to the sparrow, which rests by night, is gregarious and cheerful. It seems rather to mean a bird melancholy and drooping, much like one confined in a cage. See .
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Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Sparrow'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/wtd/s/sparrow.html. 1831-2.