corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.20.02.22
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Witness

Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

WITNESS . This is the rendering of Heb. ‘çd and ‘çdah and of the Gr. martys, martyria , and martyreô , and compounds of this root. The primitive idea of the Heb. root is to repeat, re-assert, and we find the word used in the following connexions: (1) Witness meaning evidence , testimony , sign (of things): a heap of stones ( Genesis 31:44 ), the Song of Moses ( Deuteronomy 31:26 ), Job’s disease ( Job 16:8 ), the stone set up by Joshua at Shechem ( Joshua 24:27 ). So in the NT the dust on the feet of the disciples was to be a witness against the Jews ( Mark 6:11 ). (2) Witness signifying the person who witnesses or can testify or vouch for the parties in debate; e.g . God is witness between Jacob and Laban ( Genesis 31:50 ); so Job says, ‘My witness is in heaven’ ( Job 16:19 , cf. also 1 Samuel 12:5 ff., Jeremiah 29:23 ; Jeremiah 42:5 ). In the NT God is called on by St. Paul to witness to his truth and the purity of his motives ( Romans 1:9 , 2 Corinthians 1:23 etc.). Akin to this meaning we have (3) Witness in a legal sense . Thus we find witnesses to an act of conveyancing ( Jeremiah 32:10 ), to a betrothal ( Ruth 4:9 ), while in all civil and criminal cases there were witnesses to give evidence, and references to false witnesses are frequent (cf. Proverbs 12:17 ; Proverbs 19:5-9 ; Proverbs 21:28 ; Proverbs 25:18 etc.). See also Justice (II.), 2 ; Oaths. In the NT the Apostles frequently appear as witnesses ( martyres ) of the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus ( Luke 24:48 , Acts 1:8 ; Acts 2:32 ; Acts 3:15 etc.). The heroes of the faith are called the ‘cloud of witnesses’ ( Hebrews 12:1 ), and Jesus Himself is ‘the faithful witness ( martyr )’ in Revelation 1:6 ; Revelation 3:14 (cf. 1 Timothy 6:13 ). Cf. also artt. Ark, § 1 ; Tabernacle, § 7 ( a ).

W. F. Boyd.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Witness'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/hdb/w/witness.html. 1909.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, February 22nd, 2020
the Sixth Week after Epiphany
There are 50 days til Easter!
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Withered Hand
Next Entry
Witty
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology