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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1263 - διαμαρτύρομαι
- to testify
- earnestly, religiously to charge
- to attest, testify to, solemnly affirm
- to give solemn testimony to one
- to confirm a thing by testimony, to testify, cause it to be believed
διαμαρτύρομαι [ῡ ], aor. 1 -μαρτῡράμην: pf. -μεμαρτύρημαι [ῠ ], D: — abs.,
1. call gods and men to witness, protest solemnly, esp. in case of falsehood or wrong, βοᾶν καὶ δ. D. 18.23,143; δ. μή.., c. inf., Id. 33.20; δ. ὅπως μή.., c. fut., Id. 42.28; δ. τινὶ μὴ ποιεῖν protest against his doing, Aeschin. 2.89: c. inf., Plb. 1.33.5,al.; call to witness, ὑμῖν τὸν οὐρανόν LXX Judith 7:28.
2. generally, protest, asseverate, Pl. Phd. 101a, etc., PSI 4.422 (iii B.C.): c. acc., bear witness to, τὸ εὐαγγέλιον Acts 20:24; testify, LXX De. 32.46, al.; τῇ Ἱερουσαλὴμ τὰς ἀνομίας αὐτῆς ib. Ezekiel 16:2.
3. abs., beg earnestly of one, conjure him, X. Cyr. 7.1.9; δ. καὶ παρακαλεῖν Acts 2:40; δ. τινὰ ἵνα.. 1 Timothy 5:21.
δια -μαρτύρομαι ,
depon., of Ionic origin, intensive of the simple μαρτύρομαι , q.v.,
[in LXX chiefly for H5749 hi., usually c. dat. pers., Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 8:19, 1 Samuel 8:9, al.;]
solemnly to protest: Luke 16:28, Acts 2:40; Acts 8:25; Acts 10:42; Acts 18:5; Acts 20:21-24; Acts 23:11; Acts 28:23, 1 Thessalonians 4:6, Hebrews 2:6; in adjuration, seq. ἐνώπιον τ . θεοῦ , 1 Timothy 5:21, 2 Timothy 2:14; 2 Timothy 4:1 (Cremer, 415).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Nägeli, p. 24, gives this among Ionic words in the Κοινή, on the strength of its meaning bezeugen, versichern, in Attic, but ermahnen in the Hellenistic of Paul. But ";solemn and emphatic utterance"; seems to be the note of NT use throughout; and this is not far from the sufficiently Attic Demosthenes, as Callicles 4 (p. 1273) οὐδ᾽ ἀπηγόρευσεν οὐδὲ διεμαρτύρατο, ";he neither forbad it nor formally protested"; (Sandys & Paley—see their note). The verb occurs in P Petr II. 2 (1).12 (B.C. 260–59) ἡμῶν διαμαρτυρομένων αὐτόν, ib. 37 right col..6 (iii/B.C.) with fragmentary context : note that in the former it seems to have acc. pers. See Milligan’s note, Thess. p. 51. From a much later period we may quote BGU III. 836.7 (time of Justinian) διεμαρτύραντο δὲ ἡμᾶς ἐγγράφως δ [ιὰ τοῦ λογ ]ιωτάτου ἐκδίκου κτλ. For the subst. διαμαρτυρία, see P Lond 483.72 (A.D. 616) (= II. p. 328), BGU II. 669 verso.1 (Byz.).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fifth Week after Epiphany