1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
AARD-WOLF (earth-wolf), a South and East African carnivorous mammal ( Proteles cristatus ), in general appearance like a small striped hyena, but with a more pointed muzzle, sharper ears, and a long erectile mane down the middle line of the neck and back. It is of nocturnal and burrowing habits, and feeds on decomposed animal substances, larvae and termites.
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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Aard-Wolf'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/bri/a/aard-wolf.html. 1910.