1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
ULEABORG (Finnish, Oulu ), a province in the grand duchy of Finland, including a wide territory to the north of Kuopio and nearly reaching Varangerfjord, taking in the high dreary plateau of Laponia (16,000 sq. m.) and the fertile plains of Osterbotten. It has a total area of 63,970 sq. m., with a population, chiefly agricultural in Osterbotten and nomadic in Laponia, of (1904) 295,187. The bulk of the inhabitants (99%) are Finnish. There are immense forests, and only 0.4% of the area is under culture. The capital of the government is Uleaborg, a seaport on the Gulf of Bothnia, now connected by railway with Helsingfors (49 8 m .); pop. (1904), 17,737.
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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Uleaborg'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/bri/u/uleaborg.html. 1910.