Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Abound; Abundance; Abundant; Abundantly

a -bound ´, a -bun´dans , a -bun´dant , a -bun´dant -li : These words represent in the English Versions of the Bible a considerable variety of different words in the Hebrew and Greek original. In the Old Testament they most frequently stand for some form of the stem rābh , signifying "to cast together," "to increase." In Proverbs 8:24 the primary idea is "to be heavy" (root: kābhadh ); in Deuteronomy 33:19 and Job 22:11 it is "to overflow" shāpha‛ ; in Job 36:31 it is "to plait together," "to augment," "to multiply" ( makhbı̄r from kā -bhar ); in Isaiah 47:9 it is "strength" ‛ocmāh ; in 1 Kings 18:41 it is "tumult," "crowd" hāmōn ; in Ecclesiastes 5:12 it is "to fill to satiety" (Revised Version (British and American) "fulness"); in Isaiah 15:7 it is "excellence" yithrāh and in Isaiah 66:11 "a full breast" zı̄z ; in Jeremiah 33:6 it is "copiousness" ( ‛ăthereth from ‛āthar ). In several passages (e.g. Ezekiel 16:49; Psalm 105:30; Isaiah 56:12 ) the Revised Version (British and American) gives other and better renderings than the King James Version. In the New Testament perissós , perisseúō , perisseı́a , etc., are the usual words for "abundant," "abound," "abundance," etc. (the adjective signifies "exceeding some number or measure"). A slight formal difference of conception may be noted in pleonázō , which suggests that the abundance has resulted from augmentation. In Romans 5:20 the two words stand in the closest connection: 'Where sin abounded (by its increase) grace abounded more exceedingly (was rich beyond measure).' In Mark 12:44; Luke 21:4; 2 Corinthians 8:20; 2 Corinthians 12:7; Revelation 18:3 the Revised Version (British and American) gives improved renderings instead of "abundance," and in Titus 3:6 and 2 Peter 1:11 instead of "abundantly."

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Abound; Abundance; Abundant; Abundantly'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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