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Bible Encyclopedias
Ashhur

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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ash´ur ( אשׁחוּר , ashḥūr , the King James Version Ashur ): The "father of Tekoa" (1 Chronicles 2:24; 1 Chronicles 4:5 ), probably the founder of the village. The original meaning of the name is the "man of Horus," Ashurites (האשׁורי , hā -'ashūrı̄ ). This name occurs in the list of Ish-bosheth's subjects (2 Samuel 2:9 ). The Syriac, Arabic, and Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 ad) versions read הגּשׁוּרי , ha -geshūrı̄ , "the Geshurites," designating the small kingdom to the South or Southeast of Damascus. This reading, though adopted by Ewald, Thenius and Wellhausen, is untenable, for during the reign of Ish-bosheth Geshur was ruled by its own king Talmai, whose daughter was married to David (2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 13:37 ). Furthermore Geshur was too far away from the rest of Ishbosheth's territory. A more consistent reading is האשׁרי , hā -'āshērı̄ , as given in the Targum of Jonathan and accepted by Köhler, Klost, Kirkpatrick and Budde, "those of the house of Asher" (compare Judges 1:32 ). The term would, then, denote the country to the West of Jordan above Jezreel.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Ashhur'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​a/ashhur.html. 1915.
 
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