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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
av´a -ran : A surname of Eleazar, the third son of Mattathias (1 Macc 2:5). It is doubtfully conjectured that Eleazar received this surname from the episode related in 1 Macc 6:43-46; the word may mean "the piercer," referring to his stabbing of the elephant. Some connect it with חוּר , ḥūr , "to be white," and connect it with Eleazar's white complexion. The Syriac reads "Chavran" and the Vulgate's "Abaron"; the Septuagint in 1 Macc 6:43 gives Sauarán which is an error for Eleázaros aúran ; Septuagint's Codex Venetus corrects to aúran ̌ .
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Avaran'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/a/avaran.html. 1915.