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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. The Ancient Towns
The name of two towns, Beth-horon the Upper (Joshua 16:5 ) and Beth-horon the Lower (Joshua 16:3 ), said to have been built (1 Chronicles 7:24 ) by Sheerah, the daughter of Beriah. The border line between Benjamin and Ephraim passed by the Beth-horons (Joshua 16:5; Joshua 21:22 ), the cities belonging to the latter tribe and therefore, later on, to the Northern Kingdom. Solomon "built Beth-horon the upper, and Beth-horon the nether, fortified cities, with walls, gates, and bars" (2 Chronicles 8:5; 1 Kings 9:17 ).
From Egyptian sources (Müller, As. und Europa , etc.) it appears that Beth-horon was one of the places conquered by Shishak of Egypt from Rehoboam. Again, many centuries later, Bacchides repaired Beth-horon, "with high walls, with gates and with bars and in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice upon ("vex") Israel" (1 Macc 9:50, 51), and at another time the Jews fortified it against Holofernes (Judith 4:4, 5).
2. The Modern Beit Ur El Foka and El Tahta
These two towns are now known as
3. The Pass of the Beth-Horons
When (Joshua 10:10 ) Joshua discomfited the kings of the Amorites "he slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them by the way of the 'Ascent of Beth-horon.'" When the Philistines were opposing King Saul at Michmash they sent a company of their men to hold "the way of Beth-horon."
This pass ascends from the plain of Ajalon (now
Now the changed direction of the highroad to Jerusalem has left the route forsaken and almost forgotten. See PEF , III, 86, Sh
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Beth-Horon'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/b/beth-horon.html. 1915.
the Sixth Week after Easter