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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) Mentioned (Joshua 15:58 ) as near Halhul and Gedor in the hill country of Judah; fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:7 ). In Nehemiah 3:16 mention is made of "Nehemiah the son of Azbuk, the ruler of half the district of Beth-zur." During the Maccabean wars it (Bethsura) came into great importance (1 Macc 4:29, 61; 6:7, 26, 31, 49, 50; 9:52; 10:14; 11:65; 14:7, 33). Josephus describes it as the strongest place in all Judea ( Ant. ,
(2) It is the ruined site
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Beth-Zur'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/b/beth-zur.html. 1915.