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bûrth ( γένεσις , génesis ):

(1) It was said by the angel beforehand of John the Baptist, "Many shall rejoice at his birth "; and when he was born Elisabeth said, "Thus hath the Lord done unto me ... to take away my reproach among men" (Luke 1:14 , Luke 1:25 ). Among the ancient Hebrews barrenness was a "reproach" and the birth of a child, of a son especially, an occasion for rejoicing.

(2) This, no doubt, was due in part to the Messianic hope inspired and sustained by prophecy (see Genesis 3:15 , where it was foretold that the seed of the woman should bruise the serpent's head; and subsequent prophecies too numerous to mention). Cases in point worth studying are found in Genesis 4:1 , where Eve rejoices over the birth of her firstborn and cries, "I have gotten a man with the help of Yahweh"; and 1 Samuel 1:20 , where Hannah exults over her firstborn, calling his name "Samuel," "because," she says, "I have asked him of Yahweh."

(3) The marvelous passage in Isaiah 7:14 , "Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel," must have intensified the longing and hope of every devout Jewish maiden to be a mother, if mayhap, under God, she might be the mother of Messiah - Immanuel! (Compare Matthew 1:22 , Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:13 f.) See JESUS CHRIST; VIRGIN BIRTH .

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Birth'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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