the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Caiaphas took a leading part in the trial and condemnation of Jesus. It was in his court or palace that the chief priests (Sadducees) and Pharisees, who together constituted the Sanhedrin, assembled "that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him" (compare Matthew 26:3 , Matthew 26:4; John 11:49 ). The regal claims of the new Messiah and the growing fame of His works had made them to dread both the vengeance of imperial Rome upon their nation, and the loss of their own personal authority and prestige (compare John 11:48 ). But Caiaphas pointed a way out of their dilemma: let them bide their time till the momentary enThusiasm of the populace was spent (compare Matthew 26:5 ), and then by the single sacrifice of Jesus they could at once get rid of a dangerous rival and propitiate the frowns of Rome (compare John 11:49 , John 11:50; John 18:14 ). The commentary of John upon this (John 11:51 , John 11:52 ) indicates how the death of Jesus was indeed to prove a blessing not only for Israel but also for all the children of God; but not in the manner which the cold-blooded statecraft of Caiaphas intended. The advice of the high priest was accepted by the Sanhedrin (John 11:53 ), and they succeeded in arresting Jesus. After being led "to Annas first" (John 18:13 ), Jesus was conducted thence in bonds to Caiaphas (John 18:24 ), According to Mt He was led immediately upon His arrest to Caiaphas (Matthew 26:57 ). Mk and Lk do not refer to Caiaphas by name. His conduct at this preliminary trial of Jesus (Matthew 26:57-68 ), its time and its procedure, were almost entirely illegal from the standpoint of then existing Jewish law (compare
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Caiaphas'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​c/caiaphas.html. 1915.