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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Caravan

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kar´a -van , kar -a -van ´ (ארח , 'ōraḥ ): This word is not found in the King James Version, but the Revised Version (British and American) employs it three times, namely, in Job 6:18 , Job 6:19 ( 'orḥōth ), where the King James Version renders "paths" (Job 6:18 ) and "troops" (Job 6:19 ); in Isaiah 21:13 ( 'ōreḥōth ), where the King James Version and English Versions of the Bible give "travelling companies," and in Ezekiel 27:25 ( shārōth ), where the King James Version gives a totally different translation. The Hebrew text in Ezekiel is dubious, but in Isaiah and Job "caravan" is undoubtedly a correct rendering of the Hebrew (compare also Genesis 37:25 ). The inhabitants of Palestine were familiar with the caravans - the goods trains of the Semitic world - which traveled between BabyIon and Syria on the one hand to Arabia and on the other to Egypt. The main routes between these countries passed through Canaan. Isaiah refers to "caravans of Jedanites" - a trading Arabic tribe who conveyed their wares to Babylon. Job compares his would-be friends to a deceitful brook, full in the rainy season, but dry in summer, which entices caravans to turn aside from the main route in the hope of a plentiful supply of water, but which fails the thirsty travelers when they need it most.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Caravan'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/c/caravan.html. 1915.

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