International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. Old Testament References
This tree was one of the chief trees of Lebanon (Isaiah 60:13 ); one of usefulness (Isaiah 41:19; Isaiah 55:13 ); associated with the cedar (2 Kings 19:23; Psalm 104:17; Isaiah 14:8; Zechariah 11:2 ); its boughs were wide and great (Ezekiel 31:8 ); it was evergreen (Hosea 14:8 ); it could supply boards and timber for doors (1 Kings 6:15 , 1 Kings 6:24 ); beams for roofing the temple (2 Chronicles 3:5 ); planks for shipbuilding (Ezekiel 27:5 ). In 2 Samuel 6:5 we read: "David and all the house of Israel played before Yahweh with all manner of instruments made of fir-wood," etc. It is practically certain that the reading in the parallel passage in 1 Chronicles 13:8 is more correct: "David and all Israel played before God with all their might, even with songs," etc. This view is supported by the Septuagint translation ( ἐν πάσῃ δυνάμει ,
2. The Identity of "Berosh"
The identity of
In the Apocrypha there are two definite references to the cypress (κυπάρισσος ,
"I was exalted like a cedar in Libanus,
And as a cypress tree on the mountains of Hermon."
And in Sirach 50:10 the high priest Simon is said to be
"As an olive tree budding forth fruits,
And as a cypress growing high among the clouds."
These passages, especially the former, certainly favor the idea that
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Fir; Fir-Tree'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/f/fir-fir-tree.html. 1915.