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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Host of Heaven
( צבא השּׁמים ,
(1) Star-worship seems to have been an enticement to Israel from the first (Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 17:3; Amos 5:26; compare Acts 7:42 , Acts 7:43 ), but attained special prominence in the days of the later kings of Judah. The name of Manasseh is particularly connected with it. This king built altars for "all the host of heaven" in the courts of the temple (2 Kings 21:3 , 2 Kings 21:5 ). Josiah destroyed these altars, and cleansed the temple from the idolatry by putting down the priests and burning the vessels associated with it (2 Kings 23:4 , 2 Kings 23:5 , 2 Kings 23:12 ).
(2) In the other meaning of the expression, the angels are regarded as forming Yahweh's "host" or army, and He himself is the leader of them - "Yahweh of hosts" (Isaiah 31:4 , etc.) - though this designation has a much wider reference. See
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Host of Heaven'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/h/host-of-heaven.html. 1915.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19