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Bible Encyclopedias
Jashen

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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jā´shen , jash´en ( ישׁן , yāshēn , "asleep"(?)): Seemingly the father of some of David s thirty valiant men ( 2 Samuel 23:32 f). The Massoretic Text reads "Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, Shammah the Hararite,..." 1 Chronicles 11:33 has Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite ..." It is clear that "sons of" are a dittography of the last three consonants of the previous word. Septuagint, Lucian in 2 Samuel and 1 Chronicles has ὁ Γουνί , ho Gounı́ , "the Gunite," for "the Gizonite," perhaps correctly (compare Genesis 46:24; Numbers 26:48 for "Guni," "Gunite"). So 2 Samuel 23:32 may be corrected thus: "Eliahba the Shaalbonite, Jashen the Gunite, Jonathan the son of Shammah the Hararite." Jashen then becomes one of the thirty = "Hashem" of 1 Chronicles 11:34 .

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Jashen'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​j/jashen.html. 1915.
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