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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
mā´kron ( Μάκρων , Mákrōn ): Ptolemy Macron who had been appointed by Ptolemy Philmetor 6 governor of Cyprus and deserted to Antiochus Epiphanes, king of Syria ( 2 Maccabees 10:12 ff). Under Antiochus he was governor of Coele-Syria and Phoenicia ( 2 Maccabees 8:8 ). In 1Macc 3:38,2 Maccabees 4:45 he is called "Ptolemy the son of Dorymenes." At first he was a fierce and cruel enemy of the Jews and was one of those chosen by Lysias to destroy Israel and reduce Judas Maccabee (same place). Later he apparently relented toward the Jews ( 2 Maccabees 10:12 ), fell into disfavor with Antiochus Eupator, before whom he was accused by the king's friends , and was so galled by being constantly called traitor that he ended his life with poison ( 2 Maccabees 10:13 ).
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Macron'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/m/macron.html. 1915.