International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
mā´gog ( מגוג , māghōgh ; Μαγώγ , Magṓg ): Named among the sons of Japheth ( Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5 ). Ezekiel uses the word as equivalent to "land of Gog" (Ezekiel 38:2; Ezekiel 39:6 ). Josephus identifies the Magogites with the Scythians (Ant. , I, vi, 1). From a resemblance between the names Gog and Gyges (Gugu), king of Lydia, some have suggested that Magog is Lydia; others, however, urge that Magog is probably only a variant of Gog (Sayce in HDB ). In the Apocalypse of John, Gog and Magog represent all the heathen opponents of Messiah (Revelation 20:8 ), and in this sense these names frequently recur in Jewish apocalyptic literature.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Magog'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/m/magog.html. 1915.