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Bible Encyclopedias
Memorial; Memory

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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mḗ - mō´ri - al , mem´ṓ - ri ( אזכּרה , 'azkārāh , זכר , zēkher , זכר , zekher , זכּרון , zikkārōn ; μνημόσυνον , mnēmósunon ): "Memorial" as the translation of 'azkārāh is a sacrificial term, that which brings the offerer into remembrance before God, or brings God into favorable remembrance with the offerer; it is used of the burning of a portion of the meal offering, the Revised Version (British and American) (the King James Version "meat-offering"); better, cereal offering, on the altar ( Leviticus 2:2 , the Revised Version (British and American) "as the memorial"; Leviticus 2:9 , Leviticus 2:16; Leviticus 5:12 , the Revised Version (British and American) "as"; Leviticus 24:7; Numbers 5:26 , the Revised Version (British and American) "as"); as the translation of zēkher (zekher ), zikkārōn , it is a memorial in the sense of a remembrance (zēkher , zekher , Exodus 3:15; the memorial (name) of Yahweh); hence, we have in the Revised Version (British and American) "memorial name" for "remembrance" (Psalm 30:4 the American Standard Revised Version; Psalm 97:12 , the English Revised Version "holy name," marin "Hebrew memorial"; Psalm 102:12; Psalm 135:13; Isaiah 26:8; Hosea 12:5 , the English Revised Version "memorial"); for "memorial" (Esther 9:28; Psalm 9:6 , the American Standard Revised Version "remembrance"); zikkārōn , "a remembrance" (Exodus 12:14; Exodus 13:9; Leviticus 23:24; Numbers 5:15 (of the meal offering); Joshua 4:7; Nehemiah 2:20; Zechariah 6:14 ); the Passover feast was to be in this sense "a memorial ... for ever" (Exodus 12:14; Exodus 13:9 ); so also the shema‛ (Deuteronomy 6:4 f); "memorial" occurs in The Wisdom of Solomon 4:1 ( mnḗmē ), the Revised Version (British and American) "memory"; The Wisdom of Solomon 4:19; Ecclesiasticus 45:1 (mnēmosunon ); Ecclesiasticus 49:1; 1 Macc 3:7; 12:53, the Revised Version (British and American) "memorial."

"Memorial" occurs in the New Testament as the translation of mnēmosunon , "a token of remembrance" ( Matthew 26:13; Mark 14:9; Acts 10:4 , "Thy prayers and thine alms are gone up for a memorial before God," which suggests the sense in which "memorial" was used in the sacrificial ritual, and also the "better sacrifices" of the new dispensation).

Memory is the translation of zēkher ( zekher ) ( Psalm 109:15; Psalm 145:7; Proverbs 10:7; Ecclesiastes 9:5; Isaiah 26:14 , the Revised Version (British and American) "remembrance"); it occurs also in 1 Macc 13:29; 2 Macc 7:20. Katéchō , "to have or hold fast," is rendered in 1 Corinthians 15:2 the King James Version "keep in memory," margin "hold fast," the American Standard Revised Version "hold fast," the English Revised Version "hold it fast," i.e. the word preached to them.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Memorial; Memory'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​m/memorial-memory.html. 1915.
 
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