the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Oreb and Zeeb
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. Meaning of Names:
As to the meaning of the two names, both words are found in Arabic. Robertson Smith, Kinship , etc. (190 ff, 218 ff), says that the use of the names of animals as names of persons is a relic of totemism. But Noldeke (
2. The Battle of Oreb:
The account of a battle here is corroborated by Isaiah 10:26 , a verse which mentions the "rock of Oreb," and suggests that the great defeat of the Midianites took place there (compare Isaiah 9:4 ). The passage in Isaiah 10:24-26 is prose, however, and is said to be late editing (see G.H. Box, Isa , 65). In Psalm 83:11 (Hebrew 12) there is a prayer that God would make the "nobles" among the Psalmist's enemies as Oreb and Zeeb.
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Oreb and Zeeb'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​o/oreb-and-zeeb.html. 1915.